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Current Events March 2018

Haryana Assembly passes bill proposing death penalty in rape of girls below 12 years on - 15th March 2018

The state assembly of Haryana on March 15 th , 2018 sanctioned the Criminal Law (Haryana Amendment) Bill, 2018 proposing death punishment or hard imprisonment of not less than fourteen years for rape/gang rape of teenagers below the 12 years of age. Talking on the progress, Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar informed that the law would be a milestone in protecting the girl child and teenagers.

Key Highlights

  • The extreme punishment of fourteen years may be stretched to life imprisonment, based on the severity of the case.
  • The bill also suggests punishment of not less than two years and up to seven years in case of attack with the intent to outrage the humility of a girl.
  • The bill also suggested extreme penalty of seven years and a at least punishment of three years for annoyance for 2 nd conviction.

Did you know

  • With the rise in rape cases in Haryana, the demand for the more rigorous law was being stroked.
  • The state Cabinet had passed a proposal on February 27th to pass the law and to make present laws concerned to sexual crimes more rigorous.


NITI Aayog to release SATH-E project roadmaps on - 17th March 2018

NITI Aayog would be publishing complete roadmaps and comprehensive timelines for its creativity ‘SATH-E’ project in New Delhi on March 17 th , 2018. The roadmaps for Sustainable Action for  Transforming Human Capital in Education would be published by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant and the Chief Secretaries of Jharkhand, MP and Odisha after a single day workshop with the Principal Secretaries of the States, State Project Directors and other specialists and delegates operating in the field.
Key Highlights

  • The complete roadmaps are for the next 2 years, from 2018-2020.
  • The prints lay out thorough interventions that will be taken up by the 3 contributing states -Jharkhand, MP and Odisha, which object to become ‘role model states’ in school education system. 
  • These roadmaps represent the first-of- its-kind, action-oriented programmes, customised, outlining interferences at the personal, district and state levels.
  • The strategies were cooperatively organized by NITI Aayog and the 3 States and the knowledge associates of the SATH Initiatives, the Boston Consulting Group and Piramal Foundation for Education Leadership.
  • Overall, the Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education plan chiefly focuses to announce a system-wide governance change in school education.


Artificial heart with rocket technology developed by - China

Scientists from China have established non-natural heart by using rocket technology and it is presently under testing and experiments on animals. The heart was established jointly by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology and Teda International Cardiovascular Hospital in Tianjin, North China.
Key Points

  • The non-natural heart practices magnetic and fluid levitation from rocket arrangement. This technique can decrease friction in device to upsurge working efficiency and increase life span of power generator.
  •  This knowledge utilised can lessen injury to the blood and enable blood-pump to work lengthier.
    Earlier Experiments
  • Earlier, China’s Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital had also made similar non-natural hearts by using magnetic-levitation technology and already had implanted them in three patients from time period of June-October 2017.
  • These man-made hearts were typically tested on patients while they were waiting for heart-transplant or a forever heart replacement.
  • In 2013, experts planted artificial heart in sheep, which lived for 120 days in good health conditions. Then hearts were planted in 6 extra sheep and all lived over 100 days, which demonstrated that heart is qualified for batch manufacturing.


Innovative analytical approach to enhance productivity introduced by - Railway

Indian Railways has presented an innovative-analytical-approach to improve the placement of electric and diesel-engines operating passenger rails. A mathematical formula-based software will be utilised to upsurge the productivity of locomotives by shaping the number of engines needed for each train.

  • Indian Railways has a fleet of about 3300 electric and diesel engine running passenger trains across the nation.
  • Engines are organized to run passenger trains through cyclic schedules called locomotive links.
  • Until now, locomotive links are being physically organized by the respective 16 zones to run the trains assigned to the zones.
    Important facts
  • Ministry of Railways has grown and implemented the software-based conclusion support system, with the help of specialists, to improve the deployment of engines to operate passenger trains at an all India level.
  • The decision support system uses a mathematical model to work out the lowest number of engines needed to run all the passenger trains according to the timetable.
  • A pilot optimization workout has been conducted by Transformation Cell of Railway Board, with an active participation of all the 16 zonal railways. 
  • This has brought in reorganizing of engine links, which will save 30 diesel engines and 42 electric engines being presently operate in passenger service areas.
  • The revised links are under execution. These 72 engines free from passenger processes will be used to track additional cargo trains and produce added incomes.


Which counrty tops the list of World Happiness Index 2018 - Finland

On 14th March 2018, World Happiness Index was released. It was published by United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
As per this report, Finland is the happiest country in the world. This year main focus of the happiness index was on migration within and between countries too. Top 10 countries are :

  • Finland,
  • Norway,
  • Denmark,
  • Iceland,
  • Switzerland,
  • Netherlands,
  • Canada,
  • New Zealand,
  • Sweden and
  • Australia.

If we talk about India then it was placed at 133rd place. Last year India position was 122nd.


World Consumer Rights Day 2018 observed globally on - 15th March 

On 15th March 2018, World Consumer Rights Day was observed across the globe. This is an annual event which is observed with an aim to promote basic rights of consumers and to ensure that these rights are respected and protected. Theme of World Consumer Day 2018 was "Making Digital Marketplaces Fairer". Several events were organised acorss India and world. Important to mention here that National Consumer Day is observed on 24th December every year.


Indian export subsidy schemes challanged at WTO by - USTR

USTR ( US Trade Representative ) has opposed Indian export subsidy schemes at the World Trade Organisation (WTO). As per them it will harm American workers as it is not equal scheme. They claim that due to subsidy given to Indian exporters they are able to trade their goods are cheaper rate which is harming the manufacturers in USA. Important to mention here that India is exempted from certain duties and taxes viz. Textiles, IT Products, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals etc.


India's rank on WEF Energy Transition Index 2018 - 78

The World Economic Forum’s (WEF) on 15th March 2018 released the report naming 'Fostering Effective Energy Transition', ranking 114 countries on how well they  are able to balance energy security and accessing with affordability and environmental sustainability. India has been ranked India at the 78th position in the report's Energy Transition Index whereas Sweden stood first in this Index.

Key Highlights of the Report

  • Norway took the second position along with Switzerland at the third rank.
  • Finland ranked 4th, Denmark (5th), the Netherlands (6th), the United Kingdom (7th), Austria (8th), France (9th) and Iceland (10th).
  • Russia stood at 70th position, China at 76th place.

Stephen Hawking passed away, he was renowned - Physicist

On 14th March 2018, Renowned physicist Stephen Hawking passed away. He was 76 years old. Stephen Hawking was born on 8th January 1942. He was diagnosed with life-threatening ALS disease in 1963 but still he went to Cambridge University to study Cosmology. There he got Phd also became a lecturer. His theories on Big Bang and Black Holes were most notable among other. He wrote "A Brief History of Time" which was bestseller. This book explains complex theories to common man. Also based on this book film was made which eventually won Oscar. After being diagnosed with life threatening disease, doctors said that he will survive for 2 more years only. But he lived more than 50 years with disease and still giving so much to society in terms of work and guidance.


ICMR awarded International Kochon Prize 2017 on - 13th March 2018

The Union Health Ministry’s research body, the ICMR, was rewarded the International Kochon Prize 2017 on March 13th, 2018 in New Delhi for its involvement to the national programme in TB research. The ICMR with its Tuberculosis Consortium enhanced the hard work for R&D on the terminal disease in the nation.
More about TB Consortium

  • The India Tuberculosis Research Consortium- ITRC was developed to accelerate and align hard work in Tuberculosis research.
  • It focuses to attain its aim by harnessing national and international knowledge to advance technique and also product development by providing effective diagnostics, shorter medicine treatments, effective injections along with fresher interventions for Tuberculosis control.
  • The association is working with both public and private organizations to direct India’s research actions towards the progress of care-point diagnostics.
  • The Kochon Prize, which a non-profit foundation recorded in the Republic of Korea, is rewarded every year by Stop Tuberculosis Partnership to individuals or firms that have formed noteworthy contribution to fighting TB.
  • The reward consists of award money worth US 65,000 dollars.
  • The ICMR appeared the winner of the 2017 Kochon Prize among the 18 recommendations.
    Did you know?
  • The Union Government on March 13th, 2018 inaugurated a movement to eliminate TB from India by 2025, 5 years advance than the globally formed last lines.
  • TB is one of India’s unadorned health crises. India has the highest Tuberculosis problem in the world. 


Assam government proposes insurance scheme for journalists on - 13th March 2018

The state government of Assam has suggested an insurance plan for journalists and their families in its budget for 2018-19. The news was given by Assam Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma during the presentation of state’s budget in the assembly on March 13th, 2018. Sarma informed that the state has reserved a budget distribution of Rupees 63 crores in 2018-19 for the Information and Public Relations Department that would device plans for media persons.
Key Objective
The new Journalist Insurance Plan would make sure security and fortification of the journalists including their families.

Other Provisions for Journalists

  • The state has made essential provision for journalist fellowship for following higher studies in reporting so that 20 media-people can be carefully chosen for it at the price of Rupees 50,000 for each.
  • The state would also be issuing a single-time approval of Rupees 10 lakhs to Media Trust, in the form of a token of gratefulness of the work completed by it.
  • The state government has also stretched single-time ex-gratia worth Rupees five lakh each to the next of families of 31 journalists of the state who have lost their lives or announced missing on duty.
  • Further, a Pension Plan for Media people has been familiarized to provide post-retirement advantages to media persons working for over 20 years in Assam.
  • The state has already dispersed individual pensions of Rupees 8000 every month to many valued media persons.

Supreme Court bars foreign lawyers, law firms from practicing in India on - 13th March 2018

The Supreme Court of India governed on March 13th, 2018 that foreign law companies cannot form offices in India but their lawyers could visit in “fly-in and fly-out” style to provide legal advice on foreign laws to customers, which would be casual in nature. The 2-judge bench consisting Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel and Justice Uday Umesh Lalit found that the foreign law companies or foreign lawyers cannot exercise the profession of law in India, either in the litigation or in the non-litigation way.
Key Highlights

  • The bench found that the mode of “fly-in and fly-out” will only consist of a casual visit not accounting to practice.
  • It stated that foreign lawyers could derive to the India and can took part in international commercial negotiation but they have no full right to do that.
  • The court informed that if the Rules of Institutional Arbitration apply is enclosed by the necessities of the Arbitration Act, foreign lawyers may not be disqualified from directing arbitration proceedings rising out of intercontinental commercial negotiation in regard to Sections-32 and 33 of the Advocates Act.
  • However, the court gave the freedom to the Union Government and the Bar Council of India to design  regulations in this respect and foreign lawyers would be ruled by the code of conduct valid to the lawful profession in India.


India-UK Joint Team wins Newton-Bhabha Fund for  project of - Groundwater Arsenic Research

India and UK Joint Team has secured Newton-Bhabha Fund for project on Ground-water Arsenic Research in Ganga River Basin. The scheme was started by Department of Science and Technology in coordination with Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom to invention solutions to water-challenges faced in persistently arsenic contaminated Ganga River Basin.
Key Points

  • The Indian team consisted delegates of Mahavir Cancer Sansthan and Research Centre, Patna, National Institute of Hydrology, IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee.
  • The United Kingdom team comprised of delegates of University of Birmingham, University of Manchester, British Geological Survey and University of Salford.
  • The scheme is focused to evaluate problem of arsenic-harming and to understand worsening such situation in future 25-30 years and its effect on ground-water management activities and propose water remedial technologies according to it.
  • It is directed from 3 sites – Bijnor and Varanasi in UP and Nadia in West Bengal.
    Newton Bhabha Fund
  • It is issued by the British Council. It focuses to bring together United Kingdom and Indian scientific research and innovation areas to discover joint explanations to the encounters facing India in economic development and social welfare.
  • Arsenic is natural component in the earth’s layers and It is widely spread throughout in the air, water and land.
  • It is extremely toxic in its inorganic form. Arsenic polluted water utilised for various purposes including drinking, crop-irrigation and food-cooking results into greatest threat to health of public from arsenic.
  • Longstanding contact to arsenic from drinking water and food can cause chronic arsenic poisoning including skin lesions, cancer, body developmental issues, cardiovascular problems, neuro-toxicity and diabetes also.


World Hindi Secretariat in Port Louis, Mauritius inaugurated by - President

President Ram Nath Kovind initiated World Hindi Secretariat building in Port Louis, Mauritius. He also inaugurated secretariat’s logo, an Early Digital Learning Programme and also revealed foundation stones of social housing project and mega ENT hospital being built with Indian support. President  Kovind stay in Mauritius as part of first step to his 2-nation state visit including Mauritius and Madagascar. After that, he will visit Madagascar, making him 1st Indian President to visit major African island nation.
World Hindi Secretariat

  • The Secretariat is completely financed by Government of India and issued funding of Rupees 33 crores.
  • Government of Mauritius provided land for this. PM Narendra Modi had placed the foundation stone of this building during his visit in 2015.
  • The focus of secretariat is to represent Hindi as common man’s language, in front of the world. Hindi language has played a crucial role in principles and society building in both India and Mauritius.
  • Indian movement in Mauritius has played a huge role in the widespread of Hindi language.

Deadline for Aadhaar linking extended by - Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of India stretched the time limit of March 31st for connecting Aadhaar card to  different bank accounts, mobile phones and government plans indefinitely, on March 13th, 2018. The decision was made by a 5-judge constitution bench including Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A.K Sikri, Ashok Bhushan A.M Khanwilkar and D.Y Chandrachud.
Key Highlights 

  • The decision came after the supreme court got a group of pleas looking for a stay on the Union Government's conclusion of compulsory linking of Aadhaar with various wellbeing plans, including vital services like banking and mobile phones.
  • In its governing, the bench informed that the time limit for connecting personal accounts and plans to the UIN stand prolonged till the court finalise on its validity.
  • The apex court made it clear that Aadhar will continue to be compulsory for direct profit transfers under social welfare plans.
    Did you know?
  • In June 2017, The Union Government declared Aadhaar number compulsory for opening fresh bank accounts.
  • It also declared that all current bank accounts will have to be connected with Aadhaar, otherwise the accounts will be announced invalid.
  • However, requesters approached the Supreme Court stimulating the validity of Aadhaar card by saying that it dishonoured the right to privacy. 
  • On 24th August 2017, a 9-judge Constitution bench governed that the Right of Privacy was a Fundamental Right under the Constitution.
  • The Government freshly informed the constitution bench led by Chief Justice Dipak Misra that if required, it could prolong the March 31st time limit for connecting Aadhaar.
  • The time limit to connect the Aadhaar number to different services and plans was earlier formed for September 30th, 2017, following which it was stretched to December 31st, 2018 and then again to March 31st, 2018. 

Tuberculosis Free India Campaign launched by - Union Government

Indian PM, Narendra Modi inaugurated a campaign to eliminate TB from India by 2025, 5 years in advance than the globally decided last line on March 13th, 2018. The campaign was inaugurated following the launching of the Delhi End TB Summit, which is being co organised by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, WHO South East Asia Regional Office and Stop TB Partnership.
Key Highlights 

  • The Tuberculosis free India Campaign will take the actions under the National Strategic Plan for tuberculosis eradication forward in a assignment mode. 
  • The National Strategic Plan for tuberculosis eradication is funded by more than 12,000 crore rupees over the coming 3 years to make sure that every tuberculosis patient has facility to a quality diagnosis and treatment. 
  • The aim for eliminating the terminal disease in India has been marked for 2025, 5 years in advance of the global aim of 2030.  
  • The new National Strategic Plan will accept a multiple approach that targets to spot all tuberculosis patients with an importance on reaching tuberculosis patients looking for care from private service providers and under- diagnosed tuberculosis in high-risk residents. 

Did you know?

  • The WHO acknowledged TB as an emergency condition 25-year before. More than 10 million people suffer from tuberculosis annually. 
  • Tuberculosis was accountable for 1.7 million deceases in 2016, notwithstanding most cases being curable.
  • WHO South-East Asia Region, as well as India, which crowds about one-fourth of the worldwide population, shares an uneven 46% worldwide tuberculosis disease burden.

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India signs MoU with Reserve Bank of India on - 12th March 2018

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India-IBBI signed a MoU with the RBI, on March 12th, 2018. The Memorandum of Understanding was inked by Executive Director of the RBI, Sudarshan Sen and Executive Director of the IBBI, Dr.Mamta Suri, during the fourth conference of the Insolvency Law Committee at New Delhi.
Highlights of the MoU

  • Under the Memorandum of Understanding, the Reserve Bank of India and the IBBI will work in collaboration for the actual execution of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and its associated rules and guidelines. 
  • The Memorandum of Understanding delivers for sharing of data among the Reserve Bank of India and the IBBI, focus to the restrictions forced by the applicable laws.
  • It calls for exchange of resources available with each other to the possible limits.
    Both the sides will plan periodic conferences to debate issues such as enforcement cases, research and information analysis, IT and information sharing.

IBBI and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

  • The IBC, 2016 (Code) delivers for reorganisation and insolvency resolution of business persons, partnership companies and individuals in a deadline manner.
  • The Code looks forward to encourage private enterprise, availability of credit and efforts for balancing the interests of all the shareholders.
  • It consists of an institutional infrastructure relating the IBBI, Adjudicating Authorities, insolvency experts, insolvency expert firms and information services.
  • The IBBI also applies guidelines for business insolvency resolution, individual insolvency resolution, business liquidation and individual bankruptcy under the Code.

First multination naval excercise held at Andaman, its name is - MILES-18

First ever multi-nation naval three days exercise was held at Andaman sea. It was named as MILES-18. It was a part of MILAN 2018. It was organised by Andaman Nicobar naval command and theme was "Friendship Across the Seas". There were total nine countries taking part in this excerise including India. There were Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. MILAN exercise was first held in 1995, then only five countries had participated.


First costal policiing academy set up at - Gujarat

        First national coastal policing academy has been set up in Gujarat. It will start functioning from April 2018. It will train police forces and other security agencies to effectively safeguard shoreline.  Bureau of Police Research and Development will be responsible for running the academy. Though BSF, Navy and Indian Coast Guard will be involved for its functioning.


Union Government formed Tribunal to solve - Mahanadi Water Dispute

        On 12th March 2018, Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal was consituted by Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. It was formed with an aim to solve water dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh. Chairman of this tribunal will be Justice AM Khanwilkar ( Judge of Supreme Court of India ). Justice Ravi Ranjan ( Judge of the Patna High Court ) and Justice Indermeet Kaur Kochhar ( Judge of the Delhi High Court ) are the members of this tribunal. These members were nominated by Chief Justice of India.


Tobacco Product Regulation: Building Laboratory Testing Capacity, launched by - WHO

        WHO ( World Health Organisation ) launched 'Tobacco Product Regulation: Building Laboratory Testing Capacity'. It will help to get systematic approach for tobacco testing.


Which country removed 2 term limit of President - China

        Among Important Interntaional Current Affairs, On 11th March 2018, Parliament of China removed 2 term limit of President. This decision was taken at the annual session of the National People's Congress (NPC). Out of 2963 delegates, 2958 voted "yes" to change the Constitution, while three abstained and two voted against.


Divorced Saudi mothers can now retain custody of - Children

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has allowed the divorced mothers to retain the custody of their children. After this women of Saudi Arabia will not have to go through long legal battles. Prior to granting custody to a mother, the judicial panel would consider her capacity for custody and then determine her application in accordance with Sharia and legal requirements, without the need for initiating a lawsuit.


14 Agreements inked between India and - France

In total 14 agreements were signed between India and France. As French President Emmanuel Macron is on a visit to India these days, so these MoU's were inked by Him and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. These agreements cover many fields like security, nuclear energy and protection of classified information to education, environment, urban development and railways. There were also deals of worth $16 billion were signed as French President Emmanuel Macron accompanied by a 40 member business delegation.


Which Court allowed Passive Euthanasia and Living Will - Supreme Court

Among Important Judgements, On 9th March 2017, Supreme Court ruled that the passive euthanasia and advance 'living will' are permissible. This ruling came from a five-judge Constitution Bench ( Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justices AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan ). Important to mention here that it also has strict guidelines with it too. Living will is a written document that allows a patient to give explicit instructions in advance about the medical treatment to be administered when he or she is terminally ill. Medical board with be invloved to determine whether the patient in a vegetative state could be revived or not.

This ruling came on a PIL filed in 2005 by a NGO named Common Cause.


Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2018 approved by - Union Cabinet

On 7th March 2018, Introduction of Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2018 was approved by Union Cabinet. This bill is aimed to encourage institutional arbitration for settlement of disputes and make India a centre of robust Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism.


Name of the leader who was stripped of Elie Wiesel Award - Aung San Suu Kyi ( Myanmar )

On 7th March 2018, Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanamar was stripped off her human rights award ( Elie Wiesel Award ) conferred by US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
This was done due to violence against Rohingya Muslim minority community in the Rakhine state of Myanmar.

About Elie Wiesel Award

• The award is named after late Holocaust survivor and author Elie Wiesel who, like Suu Kyi, is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

• The museum gives away the ‘Elie Wiesel’ award to internationally prominent individuals whose actions have advanced the Museum’s vision of a world where people confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity.


Which state passed bill to award death penalty for rape of girls below 12 years of age - Rajasthan

On 9th March 2018, Rajasthan Assembly passed The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018. As per this law death penalty will be awarded to the convicts involved in the rape of girls below 12 years of age. Rajasthan Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria introduced this bill in Assembly which was later passed with a voice vote. This law adds sections 376-AA and 376-DD to the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Important to mention here that Madhya Pradesh has already a rule to award death penalty to child rapists, so Rajasthan became second state to do so.


International Women Day 2018 observed across the globe on - 8th March

Among Important Days, On 8th March 2018, International Women's Day 2018 was observed across the globe. This day is observed to give respect to women and to stess on the need of gender equality, rights and Justice. The theme of International Women’s Day 2018 was 'Time is Now: Rural and urban activists transforming women’s lives'. Previously, sexual harassment, violence and discrimination against women had captured headlines, leading to global marches and campaigns like '#MeToo' and '#TimesUp' in the United States of America and in other countries. As per UN Report, More than 50 per cent of urban women and girls in developing countries live in conditions where they lack at least one of the following: access to clean water, improved sanitation facilities, durable housing and sufficient living area.

International Women's Day :

The United Nations started celebrating International Women's Day on 8th March 1975. From then it is an annual event celebrated on every 8th March. For tnpsc current affairs 2018 visit


Union Cabinet approved inking of four MoU's with which country - France

On 7th March 2018, Union Cabinet approved four MoU's with France with an aim to prevent illicit consumption of Narcotic Drugs, enhance people to people contacts, fostering mobility of students, academics, researchers and skilled professionals.

These four MoU's are in following areas :

  • Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement
  • In in field of academics
  • Prevention of illicit consumption of Narcotic Drugs
  • In field of environment


Name of Indian architect who won 2018 Pritzker Prize - Balkrishna Doshi

Among Important Prizes, On 7th March 2018, Indian architect Balkrishna Doshi was awarded with Pritzker Prize for being able to interpret architecture and transform it into buildings that respect Eastern culture. Important to mention here that Balkrishna Doshi became first Indian to win the Pritzker Prize. Balkrishna Doshi's Work is very well respected as he focuses on designing low cost housing projects.

About Balkrishna Doshi :

Balkrishna Doshi is alumnus of JJ School of Architecture in Mumbai. He is also a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects and the Indian Institute of Architects. Apart from this he has founded many institutes in the field of Architecture. For tnpsc current affairs 2018 visit

About Pritzker Prize :

Pritzker Prize is so prestigious that it is regarded as equivalent to the Nobel Prize in the field of architecture. Prize money is of USD 100000. This prize is sopnsored by Hyatt Foundation.


Animal Welfare Board of India headquarters shifted from Chennai to - Ballabhgarh

Government has lifted headquarters of Animal Welfare Board of India from Chennai, Tamil Nadu to Ballabhgarh, Faridabad District of Haryana. It was lifted after consultation with Animal Welfare Board of India for better cooperation among the Environment Ministry and Animal Welfare Board of India for implementation of the animal welfare actions.

The Rule 3 of the Animal Welfare Board Rules, 1962 remarks that the headquarter of Animal Welfare Board of India shall be at New Delhi or at such other place like central government, following discussion with the Board direct.

Animal Welfare Board of India

AWBI is a constitutional advisory body recognized in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. It mounts a range of rules on how animals must to be humanely behaved everywhere. It has also often litigated to have stringent laws to make sure that animals were not excessively harassed. Primarily it was under the authority of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Past in 1990, the subject of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was passed to Environment Ministry. The Board contains 28 Associates, who work for a period of three years. Its headquarter is situated at Chennai. Several government firms, with various animal rights activists and MPs, are signified on the Board.

Functions of AWBI

It recognises Animal Welfare Organisations by providing them gratitude if they meet its guiding principles. It also nominates crucial people to the post of (Hon) Animal Welfare Officers, who works as the crucial way of contact among the people, the government and law implementation firms.

It proposes alterations to laws and rules about animal welfare subjects. It also offers directions to firms and administrators including police to aid them interpret and impose the laws. It issues journals to rise awareness of various animal welfare issues. For tnpsc current affairs 2018 visit

It facilitates financial aid to recognised Animal Welfare Organisations, who submit requests to the Board. Categories of contributions consists of Cattle Rescue Grant, Regular Grant, Animal Birth Control Programme, Provision of Shelter House for Animals, Natural Calamity grant and Ambulance for animals in distress.


Saposhi  is the name of a - Malware

Cybersecurity firms have spotted a new malware Saposhi, that can capture electronic gadgets and utilise them for Distributed Denial of Service outbreaks. Saposhi Malware is well capable of capturing electronic gadgets and turning them into bots, which can then be utilised for any drive, consisting Distributed Denial of Service infection which can cripple whole businesses.

Key Facts

Computer Emergency Response Team, a Central government organisation that tackles with cyberattacks, so far has not radiated any alert concerning Saposhi malware. Saposhi is alike in its strength to Reaper malware, which was capturing millions of electronic devices at speed of 10,000 devices every day. Computer Emergency Response Team had radiated alert in October 2017, about Reaper which is extremely evolved malware capable of hacking gadgets consisting Wi-Fi routers and security cameras.

Distributed Denial of Service attacks

In Distributed Denial of Service attacks, malware initially forms network of bot— known as botnet and then utilises botnet to ping solo server outside its capacity at same time. As the number of pings are away outside server’s capacity, server smashes and rejects service to its users.

For example, if large malware infects server of fleet cab service, its server will smash, and points of users will not be able to use of its services, resulting chaos in routine travelling as well as huge losses to the firm.

For tnpsc current affairs 2018 visit


In which city of India HeliTaxi service was launched - Bengaluru

India’s 1st helicopter shuttle service- HeliTaxi was initiated in Bengaluru, Karnataka and an offer to give last-mile connectivity. The earliest trip of helitaxi was between Electronic City and Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru. It was given by Thumby Aviation.


Bengaluru has bad road density as compared to other Indian cities. So, such facility was required much more than other cities to ship air passengers both ways in the city. The conclusion to initiate HeliTaxi was declared in August 2017 by Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha.

Key Facts                                                                                       BANANA

HeliTaxi gives connectivity among Airport and Electronic City, home to hundreds of technology organisations consisting, Infosys and other MNCs. It has slashed travelling time among airport and Electronic City from 2 hours t